Shayzar: Calligraphers (Qur’an copier)

Date: twelfth century

Usama ibn Munqidh wrote an account referring to his father’s dedication to replicating Quranic verses in calligraphy which he made forty three copies throughout his life. Some of the calligraphy was written in black ink alternating with red and blue. Some were also transcribed with gold letters.

Citation: Hitti, Philip (trans.), An Arab-Syrian Gentleman and Warrior in the Period of the Crusades. Memoirs of Usamah ibn Munqidh, revised edition with foreword by Richard Bulliet (New York: Columbia University Press, 2000), p. 81.