Calligraphers (Qur’an Copiers)


Date: before 1181

The Raqqan-born, Hashim ibn Ahmad ibn ʿAbd al-Wahid al-Hanafi (also known as Shaykh Abu Tahir; d. 577/1181) worked in Aleppo as the khatīb of the Umayyad mosque … read more


Date: before 1230

ʿAbd al-Rahim ibn ʿAli ibn Hamid al-Dakhwar al-Tabib (d. 628/1230) was a prolific author on medical matters and a physician in the hospital of Nur al-Din in Damascus. He was also known as a calligrapher, writing in the … read more


Date: before 1166

The noted scribe, ʿAli ibn Muhammad Abu al-Mukarim Majd al-Din ibn al-Wazir Abu al-Maʿali (d. 561/1165-66), was born in Cairo. According to his biography, he worked as a scribe for the ruler of Hama … read more


Date: twelfth century

Usama ibn Munqidh wrote an account referring to his father’s dedication to replicating Quranic verses in calligraphy which he made forty three copies throughout his life. Some of the calligraphy was … read more