Damascus: Makers of Bellows
The making of bellows was widespread in Damascus, perhaps connected to its use by craftsmen operating forges and furnaces, as well as for domestic braziers. Nonetheless, it was not a profitable craft to engage in, despite its significance. The decline of bellow making was attributed to market competition from foot-pumps, which may have been imported.
Citation: al-Qasimi, Muhammad Saʿid, Jamal al-Din al-Qasimi, and Khalil al-ʿAzm (al-Azem), Dictionnaire des métiers damascains, ed., Zafer al-Qasimi. (Le Monde d’Outre-Mer passé et présent, Deuxième série, Documents III, Paris and Le Haye: Mouton and Co., 1960), p. 472 (chapter 400).
Milwright, Marcus. “Wood and Woodworking in Late Ottoman Damascus: An Analysis of the Qāmūs al-Ṣināʿāt al-Shāmiyya”, Bulletin d’Etudes Orientales 61 (2012): p. 557.